THE EARTH FRAME
For the centuries World has been progressively populated by people. Current number reach 68000 million, and population rate is continuously growing. In the last 25 years number of people living on the Earth reach level as never before in the whole history. According to the most recent United Nations estimates, the human population of the world is expected to reach 8 billion people in the spring of 2024. The effects of overpopulation are extremely dangerous for the future of the World. Most of the environmental damage being seen in the last fifty odd years is because of the growing number of people on the planet. Increasing population rate leads to continuous growth of cities (urbanisation), industrialisation, social problems etc. As a consequences of this actions we can notice degradation of natural environment, what in the future may cause complete destruction of Earth ecosystem (global warming, climate change, air and water pollutions, loss of land, raise sea level, disappearing of wild animals etc).
Despite of many effort people put into change current and future situation, that advanced process is really hard to reverse. The challenge of stopping overpopulation is now one of the most important issue to solve by humanity. If this tendency is not going to be stopped, next generations may struggle with more and more complicated and progressive issues. Future predictions don’t give any doubt about decreasing condition of the World environment and society. That forecasts provoke many questions about ideas and solutions that may solve this growing problems.
How to save Earth? How to reverse process of environmental degradation?
People have been trying to introduce numberless strategies to save a future of planet Earth. Despite of it, World condition is constantly getting worst without any certainty of the future improvements. If smaller actions aren’t going to give any convenience effects, World may need some new permanent and radical solutions.
Create an opportunity for planet to slowly turn back to past condition-back to the time when Earth wasn’t affected that much by human activity. Initiate an idea of giving Earth possibility to regenerate itself, by separate source of devastation from natural environment. Searching for solutions giving an opportunity to realising planet from negative influence of civilisation development. Return all lands to extend natural growth, instead of urbanisation expansion and industrialisation growth.
Rethinking and redesigning the way we organise cities, with new urban structure and new way of thinking about environment. Giving an opportunity for Earth to recreate initial manner of nature existence, where humans didn’t dominate on natural environment. Give people easy access to green areas without possibility to radical impact on new environment system. New strategy can give a perfect balance between initial Earth existences and product of civilisation growth. Fauna and flora will be able to go back to preview conditions so people and nature will start to coexistence in a more balanced way.
Marta Moreno Cantero, Ricardo Fernández González, Gonzalo Ortega Sánchez de Lerín
Feed the town! UFO [Urban Farming Organization] Vienna Vienna wants to bring together the complex issue of agricultural production and habitation with 21st century high tech industries for a successful citymaking in peripheral areas.
Set in the suburban industrial area of Leopoldsstadt, in the northeast of Vienna, with strong preexistent infrastructural conditions and a rich industrial architectural heritage, UFO explores that complex space, physically and socially, that are our cities’ limits. Its intention is to establish a mixed–use area that takes advantage of the existing masterplan for a High-Tech Park in the former Siemens headquarters and merge it with the Austrian tradition of small urban gardens, taking over what for years has been a barren landscape. UFO wants to propose new ways of adressing urban planning to design productive urban landscapes that can be sustainable and efficient themselves, as well as contribute to the rest of the city. Here, it is all about food production in the small scale, but in a big scale cooperative basis, made in the city by the citizens. Feed the town is its motto.
In UFO, time plays an essential role, as it tries to be a long term development, trying to set standards for the dynamics that will develop in these spaces. Providing more the tools for citymaking than a closed design itself. For cities are made in time, are made by its citizens, are made by routines, facing the complexity of making a city livable with the need for economic and industrial activity. Therefore, we investigated the existing infrastructure and industrial heritage, the social and economic routine and the ways to insert the new productive landscape within them. Also, urban typologies and its associated indicators in energy consumption, waste production and spatial needs were investigated. Through a parametrical model that brings all of them together and explore their transformation in time as the project is gradually implemented, coming out with the best solution.
These units, from the urban farmhouse and the housing block to the office building and the public facilities such as markets and schools, are all vital for the city, but cannot be considered individual elements, as they need to interact, and become changeable, continuously transforming. In the modern city, they need to melt together and house new uses, changing scales and densities of the built environment and the social structure, from the local to the metropolitan. The social factor is extremely relevant, as UFO explores how to make livable districts that become effective urbanscapes integrated within the metropolis. A social organization made up of urban farming cooperatives is developed, keeping the whole new district as an heterogeneous living human environment, proving that food production can be done effectively at small scale and in spaces considered unsuitable for them.
UFO proves that our cities can and must be providers of food, that it is a need to turn them into sustainable environments to diminish their enormous footprint, and more so with the high urbanization process our world is living.
The territory of Pearl River Delta has been transformed into a landscape machine for globalized seafood production. Meanwhile, relentless urbanization has been deployed over the territory without any evidence of how the relationship between the region’s urbanization and its aquacultural landscapes may be organized. This tension between urbanization and industrialization of landscape raises questions as to how landscape architects can design a new form of public realm in this hyper-dense mixture of massive urbanization and vernacular landscape. “Can we design a new model of public realm generating vibrant interfaces across dynamic and fragile urban conditions?” Traversal Landscape imagines projecting public realms across the Pearl River Delta’s urban environment and aquacultural landscape. The ambition is to leverage the fragmented, and mosaic urban conditions to set a relation between urban infrastructures and the temporal and mobile cultural practices which shape the Pearl River Delta’s lifestyles. “What if we speculate to develop mobile landscapes catalyzing cultural practices and public life acting like a parasite activating all over the territories as an alternative form of public realm?”
The thesis aims to design traversal platforms which can be deployed across the site’s territories for opportunistic and flexible public uses - a model that synergizes a temporal mode of vernacular as well as urbanized lifestyle. It mobilizes the idea of a “typical” public realm as a constellation of individuality that may culminate into a model for a new shared territorial lifestyle.
Canals, Rivers and the sea is spine infrastructure for framing rural development and landscapes. Platforms navigate along the canal activating small scales of public activities such as floating cafe and restaurants. They can be formalized to connect as bridge to make an interface between fish ponds and residential areas. The interfaces can be acting like a parasite for any urban areas along the narrow canals catalyzing diverse cultural activities and local economies here. What if these parasitic floating spaces can drive a new way of rural development? What if these convert existing system which is organized brutally without any consideration of landscape and public life into more vibrant and porous ways? Simply one can begin to imagine that this can alter the building facade or small scale of infrastructure using for public spaces.
Many of different agencies, developments, agricultural and aquacultural practices are sweeping away the territories. Even in this context, there are some of existing form of floating public life on the sea. What if this sort of maritime culture can be intervened with placing simple platform configuration? How can these platforms navigate beyond existing form of commonality? From a simple intervention, they can bring a new way of public vibrancy on the sea as floating tiny form of economy.
WICKER METAMORPHOSIS, LOWCOST WORKSTATION
Wicker is a natural fiber that has been used since the earliest civilizations: there are mentions of use of more than 5,000 years. today, it is recognized primarily by artisan products such as baskets, furniture and lamps, however, much of the population does not know its origins and the process for producing this noble raw material.
In Chile, wicker has historically been concentrated in the town of Chimbarongo, taking its production peak in the mid-twentieth century. today, as a result of the conversion of agricultural land to more profitable crops, the ignorance of the population of the art for production, lack of innovation materials and absence of fair trade, to name a few factors, determines a scenario that is leading to the eventual disappearance of this productive activity in the locality.’ this prompted the firm to develop a project titled ‘wicker metamorphosis’.
We proposes to deliver to the local population, an inexpensive working mode capable of transforming into a development tool for artisans and producers of wicker. an effective system of production of the raw material is provided, by concentrating in one place the various stages associated with the process. ‘thus, it seeks to reduce the movements of their different stages of production, providing greater functionality to the production.
The proposal seeks to articulate time and space, so to behold the passage of time through the formal changes of wicker and its associated processes, which have an impact on the space through different limits. Like a clock that through their hands looking determined by a parameter changes that occur in reality, the proposal seeks through its various geometric shapes the actual determination of various periods subject to spaces with different qualities.